Vol. 62 No. 3 (2014)
Research Article

A Note on Psychological Disorders Named After Cities

Published 2014-09-01


  • Old English,
  • Domesday Book,
  • emotions,
  • Anglo-Saxon,
  • name-giving,
  • conceptual metaphor,
  • metonymy
  • ...More



This note surveys behavioral syndromes named after cities. Ten such syndromes are examined and are categorized in terms of their tourism, hostage taking, and metaphorical associations.


  1. American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language.2006. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
  2. Bar-El, Y., Witztum, E. Kalian, M. and Brom D. 1991. “Psychiatric Hospitalization of Tourists in Jerusalem.”Comprehensive Psychiatry 32: 238–244.
  3. Brancaccio, L.2012. “Sesso scoppia syndrome di Amsterdam (Sex explodes in Amsterdam syndrome).” <http://www.proterin.net/infermieri/sesso-scoppia-sindrome-di-amsterdam-mogli-italiane-in-vetrina-su-youtube-2311.html> [Accessed April 2 2012].
  4. Chua-Eoan, Howard.2007. “The Patty Hearst Kidnapping.” Time Specials. <http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1937349_1937350_1937417,00.html> [Accessed April 2 2012].
  5. Daldorf, G. and Grifford R.1951. “Clinical and Epidemiological Observations of Coxsackie-virus Infection.”New England Journal of Medicine 244: 868–887.
  6. Dzieglielewski, S. F.2010. DSM-IV-Tr in Action. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  7. Fagan, Chelsea.2011. “Paris Syndrome: A First-Class Problem for a First-Class Vacation.” The Atlantic. <http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2011/10/paris-syndrome-a-first-class-problem-for-a-first-class-vacation/ 246743/> [Accessed February 2 2012].
  8. Fuselier, G. Dwayne.1991. Hostage negotiation. In Handbook of Military Psychology. Ed. Reuven G. and Mangelsdorff A. D. New York: John Wiley and Sons, pp. 711–723.
  9. Grady, Denise.2003. “Experts Look to Stockholm Syndrome on Why Girl Stayed.” International Herald Tribune, March17, 1.
  10. Halim, Nadia.2008. “Mad Tourists: The ‘Vectors’ and Meanings of City-Syndromes.” <http://www.inter- disciplinary.net/ptb/persons/madness/m1/halim%20paper.pdf> [Accessed March 4 2012].
  11. Hall, Harold V.2003. Terrorism. Binghamton, New York: Haworth Press.
  12. Hillier, Susan M. and Barrow, Georgia M. 2011. Aging, the Individual and Society. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
  13. Johnston, Bruce.2000. “Romance of Venice Makes it Suicide City.” The Telegraph, November. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/italy/1375036/Romance-of-Venice-makes-it-suicide-city.html> [Acces­sed April 8 2012].
  14. Kato, Nobumasa, Kawata, N. and Pitman, Roger K. 2006. PTSD: Brain Mechanisms and Clinical Implications. Tokyo: Springer-Verlag, pp. 148–149.
  15. Love, Brenda.1994. Encyclopedia of Unusual Sex Practices. Fort Lee, NJ: Barricade Books.
  16. Magherini, G. and A. Zanobini.1987. “Eventi epsicopatologia:Il perturbante turistico: nota preleminare.”Ras­segna Studi Psichiatrici 74: 1–14.
  17. Magherini, G.1992. La Sindrome di Stendhal. Milan: Feltrinelli.
  18. Stainer, D., Ramacciotti F., and Colombo G. 2001. “Death in Venice. Does a Laguna Syndrome Exist?”Minerva Psichiatrica 42: 125–140.
  19. Steere, A. C., Malawista S. E., Snydman D. R., Shope R. E., Andiman W. A., Ross M. R., and Steele F. M. 1977. “Lyme Arthritis: An Epidemical of Oliogoarticular Arthritis in Children and Adults in Three Connecticut Communities.”Arthritis and Rheumatism 20: 7–17.
  20. Viala, A., Ota H., Vacheron M. N., Martin P., and Caroli F. 2004. “Les Japonais en voyage pathologique à Paris: un modèle originale de prise en charge transculturelle.” Neuvure de Journal Psychiatrie 5: 31–34.
  21. Williams, Clois and Waltrip, Steven. 2004. Aircrew Security. Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate.
  22. Wittson, C. L., Harris H. I., and Hunt W. A. 1943. “An Evaluation of the Brief Psychiatric Interview.” Journal of Psychology 16: 107–114.