- toponym typology,
- placename classification
Copyright (c) 2021 David Blair, Jan Tent
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
A functional and systematic typology of toponyms is an essential instrument for the toponymist wishing to investigate the naming practices and patterns of a region. To this end, the Australian National Placenames Survey developed a toponym typology for Australia (Tent & Blair 2011). This was characterized as a ‘typology of motivations for naming’. Although various researchers have used this typology with seeming success, further application of the typology to the Survey’s database of toponyms has revealed the need for a re-evaluation of the naming process. This occasioned a modification of some toponym categories generating a revised typology which can be considered a ‘typology of expressions of the naming intention’.
- Algeo, John. 1988. “The Australianness of Australian placenames.” Names 36, no. 3/4: 173-185.
- Amenyedzi, Dela. (2015). The onomastics of principal Anlo- town names. Master of Philosophy thesis, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana.
- Baker, Ronald and Marvin Carmony (1975). Indiana Place Names. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
- Barteaux, Jillian. 2016. “Urban planning as colonial marketing strategy for the Swan River Settlement, Western Australia.” Australasian Historical Archaeology 34: 22-31.
- Beconytė, Giedrė, Julius D. Budrevičius, Irena Ciparytė and Andrius Balčiūnas. 2019. “Plants and animals in the oikonyms of Lithuania.” Journal of Maps 15, no. 2: 726-732. (DOI: 10.1080/17445647.2019.1663282)
- Blair, David. 2014 . A standard geographic feature catalogue for toponymic research. ANPS Technical Paper No. 1. South Turramurra, NSW: Placenames Australia. http://www.anps.org.au/upload/ANPSTechPaper1.pdf
- Blair, David. 2017. The Australian National Placenames Survey: Principles and practice. ANPS Technical Paper No.4. South Turramurra, NSW: Placenames Australia. http://www.anps.org.au/upload/ANPSTechPaper4.pdf
- Blair, David and Jan Tent. 2020. Toponym Types: A revised typology of placenaming. ANPS Technical Paper No.5. South Turramurra, NSW: Placenames Australia. http://www.anps.org.au/upload/ANPSTechPaper5.pdf
- Bölling, Arne. 2013. “Writing toponym histories.” Placenames Australia, December, pp. 3,7,9. Accessed 15 February 2021. http://www.anps.org.au/upload/Dec_2013.pdf
- Bréelle, Danny. 2013. “Matthew Flinders’s Australian toponymy and its British connections.” Journal of the Hakluyt Society, November. Accessed 15 February 2021. https://www.hakluyt.com/downloadable_files/Journal/Flinders_Toponymy.pdf
- Cavallaro, Francesco, Francesco Perono Cacciafoco and Zhi Xuan Tan. 2019. “Sequent occupance and toponymy in Singapore: The diachronic and synchronic development of urban place names.” Urban Science, 3, no. 98 (DOI:10.3390/urbansci3030098)
- Cooper, Julien Charles. 2020. Toponymy on the periphery: Placenames of the Eastern Desert, Red Sea, and South Sinaiin Egyptian documents from the early Dynastic until the end of the New Kingdom. Leiden/Boston: Brill.
- Gammeltoft, Peder. 2005. “In search of the motives behind naming: A discussion of a name-semantic Model of categorisation.” in Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Onomastic Sciences, Uppsala 19-24 August 2002, Vol. 1, ed. Eva Brylla and Matts Wahlberg (Uppsala: Språk-och folkminnesinstutet, 2005), pp. 151-60.
- Gasque, Thomas J. 2005. A number system for the classification of U.S. placenames. unpublished paper presented at ICOS 22, Pisa.
- Gläser, Rosemarie. 1998. “Australian toponymy in the light of socio-onomastics.” In W.F.H Nicholaisen (Ed.) Proceedings of the XIXth International Congress of Onomastic Sciences. Aberdeen, August 4-11, 1996. ‘Scope, Perspectives and Methods of Onomastics’. Vol 2. Aberdeen: University of Aberdeen, pp. 133-140.
- Hughes, Colleen. 2018. “Perceiving Arctic landscapes through the sentiment analysis of Inuit place names.” MA thesis. University of Calgary, Calgary, AB. http://hdl.handle.net/1880/106250
- Jenjekwa, Vincent. 2018. “A Toponymic Perspective on Zimbabwe’s Post-2000 Land Reform Programme (Third Chimurenga).” PhD thesis, University of South Africa.
- Jenkins, Elwyn. 2018. “A toponymic typology applied to South Africa.” Nomina Africana 32, no. 1: 23-35 (DOI: 10.2989/NA.2018.32.1.3.1322)
- Ji Won S., Sejin Ahn and Hyo H. Sung 2019. “The Naming Characteristics of Marine Geographical Features Around the Korean Peninsula by Western Countries during the Period of 1787~1910.” Journal of the Korean Cartographic Association 8: 17-39. (DOI: 10.16879/jkca.2019.19.2.017)
- Klugah, Mercy A. 2013. “Recounting history through linguistics: A toponymic analysis of Asogli migration narratives.” African Journal of History and Culture 5, no. 8: 151-159. (DOI: 10.5897/AJHC.9000028)
- Laaboudi, Daouia and Mohame Marouane 2018. “Ait and Oulad Toponyms: Geographical distribution and linguistic implications.” Journal of Applied Language and Culture Studies 1: 107-131.
- Lâm, Phùng Thị T. 2016. “(Re)naming Hanoi streets after historical people from colonialism to postcolonialism: Creation and recalling collective memories.” Onoma 51: 25-44. (DOI:10.34158/ONOMA.51/2016/3)
- Locke, John. 1690. An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding (1st ed.). London: Thomas Basset.
- McArthur, Lewis A. 1928. Oregon Geographic Names. Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press.
- McArthur, Lewis L. 1986. “Another approach to place-name classification.: Names 34, no. 2: 238-241.
- Nash, Joshua and Tin Chuk. 2012. “In deep water: Diving site names on Norfolk Island.” Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change 10, no. 4: 301-320. (DOI: 10.1080/14766825.2012.721376)
- Newton, Janice. 2016. “Rural Autochthony? The Rejection of an Aboriginal Placename in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia.” Cultural Studies Review 22, no. 2: 114-131. (DOI: 10.5130/csr.v22i2.4478)
- OED Online. December 2020. Oxford University Press. Accessed February 23, 2021. https://www.oed.com/
- Pearce, Thomas M. 1955. “Spanish place name patterns in the Southwest.” Names 3, no. 4: 201-209. (DOI: 10.1179/nam.1918.104.22.168)
- Perono Cacciafoco, Francesco and Zheng Z.D. Shia. 2020. “Singapore’s pre-colonial place names: A philological reconstruction developed through the analysis of historical maps.” Review of Historical Geography and Toponomastics, 15, no. 29/30: 79-120
- Rennick, Robert. 2005. “How to study placenames.” Names 53, no. 4: 291-308. (DOI: 10.1179/nam.2005.53.4.29)
- Smith, Grant. 1992. “Describing the types of placename information.” Names 40, no. 4: 299-306. (DOI: 10.1179/nam.1922.214.171.1249)
- Smith, Grant. 1996. Amerindian place names: a typology based on meaning and form.” Onomastica Canadiana 78: 53-64.
- Steenkamp, Joan-Marié. 2015. A toponymical study of place name heritage in Mossel Bay (Western Cape). MA thesis, University of the Free State.
- Stewart, George R. 1954. “A classification of place names.” Names 2, no. 1: 1-13.
- Tent, Jan and David Blair 2009, 2014. Motivations for naming: A toponymic typology. ANPS Technical Paper, No. 2. Revised Edition. South Turramurra: Placenames Australia. www.anps.org.au/upload/ANPSTechPaper2.pdf
- Tent, Jan and David Blair. 2011. Motivations for naming: the development of a toponymic typology for Australian placenames. Names 59, no. 2: 67-89. (DOI: 10.1179/002777311X12976826704000)
- Tent, Jan. 2015. “Approaches to research in toponymy.” Names 63, no. 2: 65-74. (DOI: 10.1179/0027773814Z.000000000103).
- Tent, Jan. 2017. “Indigenous toponyms in the Antipodes: A gazetteer-based study.” Names: A Journal of Onomastics 65, no. 4: 204-214. (DOI: 10.1080/00277738.2017.1369743).
- Tent, Jan. 2021. The namescape of the Australian Antarctic Territory. ANPS Occasional Paper No. 12. South Turramurra, NSW: Placenames Australia.
- Tent, Jan and David Blair. 2009, 2014. Motivations for naming: A toponymic typology. ANPS Technical Paper No. 2. South Turramurra, NSW: Placenames Australia. http://www.anps.org.au/upload/ANPSTechPaper2.pdf
- Tent, Jan and Helen Slatyer. 2009. “Naming places on the ‘Southland’: European place-naming practices from 1606 to 1803.” Australian Historical Studies 40, no. 1: 5-31. (DOI: 10.1080/10314610802662995).
- Zelinsky, Wilbur. 2002. “Slouching toward a theory of names: A tentative taxonomic fix.” Names 50, no. 4: 243-262. (DOI: 10.1179/nam.2002.50.4.243)
- Zhenhua Zhu, Hongyan Zhang, Jianjun Zhao, Xiaoyi Guo, Zhengxiang Zhang, Yanling Ding and Tao Xiong. 2018. “Using Toponyms to Analyze the Endangered Manchu Language in Northeast China.” Sustainability, 10, no. 2, 563. (DOI:10.3390/su10020563). https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/10/2/563