Antecedent Generics: How Capes, Lakes, Mounts, and Points Are Named in the Antipodes
- parental investment,
Copyright (c) 2016 American Name Society
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Toponymic literature often mentions that the names of geographic features generally have the structure: specific + generic. While this is often the case, there are a set of geographic features that regularly do not follow this sequence. These are capes, lakes, mountains, and points. Their order of elements is often the reverse: generic + specific. By using toponyms from the Gazetteer of Australia and the New Zealand Gazetteer, this article shows there is indeed a distinct and suggestive pattern to the names that these features bear, explores this phenomenon and attempts to discover reasons for this trend.
- Algeo, John. 1973. On Defining the Proper Name (Humanities Monograph 41). Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press.
- Anderson, John M. 2003. “On the Structure of Names.” Folia Linguistica 37(3/4): 347–398.
- Anderson, John M. 2007. The Grammar of Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Brown, Alan K. 1964. “San Mateo County Place-Naming.” Names 12(3/4): 154–184.
- Campbell, Jon C. 1991. “Stream Generic Terms as Indicators of Historical Settlement Patterns.” Names 39(4): 333–366.
- Coates, Richard A. 2006. “Properhood.” Language 82(2): 356–382.
- Coates, Richard A. 2009. “A Strictly Millian Approach to the Definition of the Proper Name.” Mind and Language 24(4): 433–444.
- Committee for Geographical Names in Australasia. 1996. Glossary of Generic Terms, Version 1.0, <http://www.icsm.gov.au/cgna/glossary_pnames.pdf> (Accessed January 23, 2016).
- Ekwall, Eilert. 1951. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names. 3rd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Frege, Gottlob. 1960 . “On Sense and Reference.” In Translations from the Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege. 2nd edn. Ed. P. Geach and M. Black, 56–78. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
- Gardiner, Alan. 1954. The Theory of Proper Names: A Controversial Essay. London: Oxford University Press.
- Geoscience Australia, n.d. <http://www.ga.gov.au/place-names/index.xhtml> (Accessed January 23, 2016).
- Huddleston, Rodney. 1984. Introduction to the Grammar of English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Intergovernmental Committee on Surveying and Mapping, n.d.a <http://www.icsm.gov.au/cgna/gazetteer.html> (Accessed January 23, 2016).
- Intergovernmental Committee on Surveying and Mapping, n.d.b Guidelines for the Consistent Use of Place Names, <http://www.icsm.gov.au/cgna/consistent_place_names_guidelines.pdf> (Accessed January 23, 2016).
- Kaplan, David. 1979. “On the Logic of Demonstratives.” Journal of Philosophical Logic 8(1): 81–98.
- Katz, Jerold J. 2001. “The End of Millianism: Multiple Bearers, Improper Names, and Compositional Meaning.” The Journal of Philosophy 98(3): 137–166.
- Kripke, Saul. 1980. Naming and Necessity. 2nd edn. Boston, MA: Basil Blackwell.
- Land Information New Zealand, n.d. <http://www.linz.govt.nz/regulatory/place-names/find-name/new-zealand-gazetteer-official-geographic-names/new-zealand-gazetteer-search-place-names#zoom=0&lat=-41.14127&lon=172.5&layers=BTTT> (Accessed January 23, 2016).
- Long, Ralph B. 1969. “The Grammar of English Proper Names.” Names 17(2): 107–126.
- McDavid, Raven I. 1958. “Linguistic Geographic and Toponymic Research.” Names 6(2): 65–73.
- McMillan, James B. 1949. “Observations on American Place-Name Grammar.” American Speech 24(4): 241–248.
- Mill, John Stewart. 1843. A System of Logic, Book 1. London: Longmans.
- Mills, A. David. 2003. A Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Oxford English Dictionary Online. 2016. Oxford University Press. <http://www.oed.com> (Accessed 23 January, 2016).
- Pulgram, Ernst. 1954. Theory of Names. Berkeley, CA: American Name Society. Reprint from Beiträge zur namenforschung 5(2).
- Quirk, Randolf, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartvik. 1985. A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.
- Russell, Bertrand. 1905. “On Denoting.” Mind XIV(4): 479–493.
- Searle, John R. 1958. “Proper Names.” Mind LXVII(266): 166–173.
- Tent, Jan, and David Blair. 2011. “Motivations for Naming: The Development of a Toponymic Typology for Australian Placenames.” Names 59(2): 67–89.
- van Langendonck, Willy. 2007. Theory and Typology of Proper Names. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
- Wittgenstein, Ludwig J. J. 1953. Philosophical Investigations. New York: Macmillan.
- Zinkin, Vivian. 1969. “The Syntax of Place-Names.” Names 17(3): 181–198.